sábado, 4 de septiembre de 2010

Robert Price

Robert M. Price

Robert Price


July 7, 1954(1954-07-07)
Jackson, Mississippi[1]


North Carolina


BA, MTS (1978)
PhD in Systematic Theology (1981)
PhD in New Testament (1993)

Alma mater

Montclair State University
Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary
Drew University




Professor of biblical criticism for the Council for Secular Humanism's Center for Inquiry Institute[2]

Known for

Research into the historicity of Jesus


Carol Selby Price[3]


Victoria and Veronica[1]

The Bible Geek

For other people named Robert Price, see Robert Price (disambiguation)

Robert McNair Price (born July 7, 1954) is an American theologian and writer. He is professor of theology and scriptural studies at the Coleman Theological Seminary, professor of biblical criticism at the Center for Inquiry Institute, and the author of a number of books on theology and the historicity of Jesus, including Deconstructing Jesus (2000), The Reason Driven Life (2006), Jesus is Dead (2007), and Inerrant the Wind: The Evangelical Crisis in Biblical Authority (2009).[4]

A former Baptist minister, he was the editor of the Journal of Higher Criticism from 1994 until it ceased publication in 2003, and has written extensively about the Cthulhu Mythos, a "shared universe" created by the writer H. P. Lovecraft.[5] He also co-wrote a book with his wife, Carol Selby Price, Mystic Rhythms: The Philosophical Vision of Rush (1999), on the rock band Rush.

Price is a fellow of the Jesus Seminar, a group of 150 writers and scholars who study the historicity of Jesus, the organizer of a Web community for those interested in the history of Christianity,[6] and sits on the advisory board of the Secular Student Alliance.[3]He is a religious skeptic, especially of orthodox Christian beliefs, occasionally describing himself as a Christian atheist. He is known in particular for his skepticism about the existence of Jesus as an historical figure, arguing in 2009 that Jesus may have existed but "unless someone discovers his diary or his skeleton, we'll never know."[7]

[edit] Background

Price was formerly a Baptist minister in New Jersey, with doctorates in both theology (Drew University 1981), and New Testament (Drew 1993).[8]

A self-described humanist, he is a member of the Episcopal Church and is friendly with fundamentalist Christians outside of academia. He is also friends with the evangelical (but not fundamentalist) pastor and author Greg Boyd, with whom he has had numerous public debates concerning the historicity of Jesus.

[edit] Religious writings

In books like The Incredible Shrinking Son of Man and Deconstructing Jesus, Price challenges Biblical literalism and argues for a more skeptical and humanistic approach to Christianity. He questions the idea of a historical Jesus; in the documentary The God Who Wasn't There, Price supports a version of the Jesus myth, suggesting that the early Christians adopted the model for the figure of Jesus from the popular Mediterranean dying-rising saviour myths of the time, such as that of Dionysus. He argues that the comparisons were known at the time, as early church father, Justin Martyr had admitted the similarities. Price suggests that Christianity simply adopted themes from the dying-rising god stories of the day and supplemented them with themes (escaping crosses, empty tombs, children being persecuted by tyrants, etc.) from the popular stories of the day in order to come up with the narratives about Christ.[citation needed] He has argued that there was an almost complete fleshing out of the details of the gospels by a Midrash (haggadah) rewriting of the Septuagint, Homer, Euripides' Bacchae, and Josephus.[9]

Price denies that the Q source is a reliable source for the historical Jesus, because Q simply shows a common cynical tang and therefore does not imply a single sage existing behind it.[citation needed] Price acknowledges that there are a few ancient non-New Testament sources (such as Tacitus) that claim Jesus Christ was a real living person. However, Price points out that even if these references are taken as genuine, they at most refer to the claims of the contemporary Christians of the time about Jesus, and were never claims of Jesus as a contemporary of the ancient writers.[citation needed]

[edit] H. P. Lovecraft scholarship

As editor of the journal Crypt of Cthulhu[10] (published by Necronomicon Press) and of a series of Cthulhu Mythos anthologies[11][12][13], Price has been a major figure in H. P. Lovecraft scholarship and fandom for many years.[14] In essays that introduce the collections and the individual stories, Price traces the origins of Lovecraft's entities, motifs, and literary style. The Cthulhu Cycle, for example, saw the origins of the octopoid god in Alfred Lord Tennyson's "The Kraken" and particular passages from Lord Dunsany, while The Dunwich Cycle points to the influence of Arthur Machen on Lovecraft's "The Dunwich Horror".

Price's religious background often informs his Mythos criticism, seeing gnostic themes in Lovecraft's fictional god Azathoth[15] and interpreting "The Shadow Over Innsmouth" as a kind of initiation ritual. [16]

[edit] Other works

Price runs The Bible Geek, a broadcast show that allows people to ask the Bible Geek questions that he will answer.[17] In 2010 he became one of three new hosts on Point of Inquiry (the Center for Inquiry's podcast), following the retirement of host D. J. Grothe from the show. Having appeared on the show twice before as a guest (see external links below), he will now host about a quarter of the new podcasts.[18]

In 2005, he appeared in Brian Flemming's documentary film The God Who Wasn't There.

[edit] Books

On religion

·         The Widow Traditions in Luke-Acts: A Feminist-Critical Scrutiny Society of Biblical Literature. ISBN 0-7885-0224-7 (Mar 1997).

·         The Evolution of the Pauline Canon, in Hervormde Teologiese Studies, Number 1&2 June 1997, 36-67

·         Mystic Rhythms: The Philosophical Vision of Rush Borgo Press. ISBN 1-58715-102-2. with Carol Selby Price (1 Nov 1998)

·         Deconstructing Jesus Prometheus Books. ISBN 1-57392-758-9. (20 Mar 2000).

·         The Incredible Shrinking Son of Man: How Reliable is the Gospel Tradition? Prometheus Books. ISBN 1-59102-121-9. (20 Dec 2003)

·         The Empty Tomb: Jesus Beyond The Grave Prometheus Books. ISBN 1-59102-286-X. with Jeffery Lowder (20 April 2005)

·         The Da Vinci Fraud: Why the Truth Is Stranger than Fiction Prometheus Books. ISBN 1-59102-348-3. (20 Sep 2005).

·         The Reason Driven Life: What Am I Here on Earth For? Prometheus Books. ISBN 1-59102-476-5. (1 Sep 2006).

·         The Pre-Nicene New Testament: Fifty-four Formative Texts ISBN 1-56085-194-5. (30 Oct 2006)

·         The Paperback Apocalypse: How the Christian Church was Left Behind Prometheus Books. ISBN 1-59102-583-4. (1 Sept 2007).

·         Jesus is Dead Amer Atheist Pr. ISBN 1-57884-000-7. (April 2007).

·         Top Secret: The Truth Behind Today's Pop Mysticisms Prometheus Books. ISBN 1-59102-608-3 (April 8, 2008)

·         Beyond Born Again: Towards Evangelical Maturity Wildside Press. ISBN 1-4344-7748-7 (30 Oct 2008).

·         Inerrant the Wind: The Evangelical Crisis of Biblical Authority Prometheus Books. ISBN 1-59102-676-8 (1 Dec 2008).

On the Cthulhu Mythos (as editor or author)

·         Acolytes of Cthulhu

·         The Antarktos Cycle: Horror and Wonder at the Ends of the Earth

·         The Azathoth Cycle: The Blind Idiot God

·         Black Forbidden Things

·         Blasphemies & Revelations Mythos Books. ISBN 0-9789911-9-2. (30 Sep 2008).

·         The Book of Eibon

·         The Book of Iod

·         The Cthulhu Cycle: Thirteen Tentacles of Terror

·         Dark Wisdom: New Tales of the Old Ones

·         The Dunwich Cycle: Where the Old Gods Wait

·         The Hastur Cycle

·         The Horror of It All: Encrusted Gems from the "Crypt of Cthulhu"

·         H.P. Lovecraft and the Cthulhu Mythos

·         The Innsmouth Cycle: The Taint of the Deep Ones

·         The Ithaqua Cycle: The Wind-Walker of the Icy Wastes

·         Lin Carter: A Look Behind His Imaginary Worlds

·         Lin Carter's Anton Zarnak, Supernatural Sleuth

·         Lovecraft: A Look Behind the Cthulhu Mythos (with Lin Carter) Borgo Pr; Rev Sub edition (Nov 1997) ISBN 978-0-89370-013-3

·         Mysteries of the Worm

·         The Necronomicon

·         The New Lovecraft Circle

·         The Nyarlathotep Cycle: The God of a Thousand Forms

·         Shards of Darkness

·         The Shub-Niggurath Cycle: Tales of the Black Goat with a Thousand Young

·         The Taint of Lovecraft

·         Tales of the Lovecraft Mythos

·         Tales Out of Dunwich

·         Tales Out of Innsmouth: New Stories of the Children of Dagon

·         The Tsathoggua Cycle: Terror Tales of the Toad God

·         The Xothic Legend Cycle: The Complete Mythos Fiction of Lin Carter

[edit] References

  1. ^ a b c Robert M. Price, The Jesus Project, Center for Inquiry.
  2. ^ Robert M. Price, Westar Institute; Advisory Board Secular Student Alliance, accessed April 15, 2010.
  3. ^ a b Advisory Board Secular Student Alliance, accessed April 15, 2010.
  4. ^ For Price's academic posts, see About CFI Indiana Institute, Center for Inquiry Institute, accessed April 9, 2010; Robert M. Price - Top Secret: The Truth Behind Today's Pop Mysticisms, Point of Inquiry, May 30, 2008, accessed April 9, 2010; Biography, robertmprice.mindvendor.com, accessed April 9, 2010.
  5. ^ Journal of Higher Criticism, accessed April 9, 2010; Joshi, S T. and Schultz, David E. An H.P. Lovecraft Encyclopedia. Hippocampus Press, p. 217. ISBN 0-9748789-1-X
  6. ^ Tokasz, Jay. Scholars to explore existence of Jesus, The Buffalo News, November 30, 2008, accessed February 22, 2009.
  7. ^ Jacoby, David A. Compelling Evidence For God and the Bible: Finding Truth in an Age of Doubt. Harvest House Publishers, 2010, p. 97.
  8. ^ Brief Biography of Robert M. Price
  9. ^ Price, Robert M. (2005). "New Testament narrative as Old Testament midrash". in Jacob Neusner and Alan J. Avery-Peck. Encyclopaedia of Midrash: Biblical Interpretation in Formative Judaism. Leiden: Brill. ISBN 90-04-14166-9. 
  10. ^ Harms, Daniel. The Cthulhu Mythos Encyclopedia. Elder Signs Press. p. XV. ISBN 1934501050. 
  11. ^ Shannon Appelcline, A Brief History of Game #3: Chaosium: 1975-present on RPG.net
  12. ^ Joshi, S.T.. Icons of Horror and the Supernatural: An Encyclopedia of Our Worst Nightmares. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 126. ISBN 0313337802. "The Cthulhu Mythos remains a popular venue in literature and the media. Since the 1980s Robert M. Price has been a kind of August Derleth redivivus in publishing a dozen or more anthologies of Cthulhu Mythos tales by writers old and new" 
  13. ^ Mitchell, Charles P.. The Complete H.P. Lovecraft Filmography. Greenwood Press. p. 6. ISBN 0313316414. 
  14. ^ Hite, Kenneth (2008). Tour De Lovecraft: The Tales. Atomic Overmind Press. p. xiii. "Joshi's only rival for eminence in the field durin the 1980s and 1990s was Robert M. Price" 
  15. ^ Price, Robert M.. "Introduction". The Azathoth Cycle. Chaosium. ISBN 1568820402. 
  16. ^ Hite, Kenneth (2008). Tour De Lovecraft: The Tales. Atomic Overmind Press. p. 84. "Equally importantly and convincingly, Price analyses the tale as a vision-quest, a coming-of-age ordeal ritual, which I have to say is pretty dead-on." 
  17. ^ The Bible Geek
  18. ^ "Center for Inquiry Announces Three New Hosts for its Popular Podcast, 'Point of Inquiry'". http://www.centerforinquiry.net/news/center_for_inquiry_announces_three_new_hosts_for_its_popular_podcast_point_/. Retrieved 14/2/10. 

[edit] External links

·         Works by or about Robert M. Price in libraries (WorldCat catalog)

·         A Review of Jesus is Dead in Review of Biblical Literature (2009).

·         Official website

·         Point of Inquiry audio interview: Jesus: The Failed Hypothesis

·         Point of Inquiry audio interview: The Reason Driven Life

·         Interview about the Cthulu Mythos on The Polyschizmatic Reprobates Hour

·         Interview about the Paperback Apocalypse at The Polyschizmatic Reprobates Hour

·         Interview on The Nick and Josh Podcast


v  d  e

H. P. Lovecraft


List of works · Cthulhu Mythos · Dream Cycle


Arkham · Dunwich · Innsmouth · Kingsport · Miskatonic University · Dreamlands · Lovecraft Country · R'lyeh · Nameless City


Randolph Carter · Herbert West · Abdul Alhazred · Kuranes · Robert Harrison Blake

Cthulhu Mythos deities

Great Old Ones

List of Great Old Ones · Cthulhu · Shub-Niggurath

Outer Gods

Azathoth · Nyarlathotep · Yog-Sothoth

Elder Gods

Bastet · Hypnos · Nodens

Cthulhu Mythos species

List of species · Byakhee · Deep Ones · Elder Things · Hounds of Tindalos · Shoggoth · Great Race of Yith · Mi-go

Legacy and influence

Lovecraftian horror · Cultural references to the Cthulhu Mythos · Cosmicism

Film adaptations

The Haunted Palace (1963) · The Dunwich Horror (1970)  · Re-Animator (1985) · From Beyond (1986) · The Resurrected (1992) · In the Mouth of Madness (1994) · Necronomicon (1994) · Cthulhu (2000) · Dagon (2001) · Beyond Re-Animator (2003) · The Call of Cthulhu (2005) · H. P. Lovecraft's Dreams in the Witch-House (2005) · Cthulhu (2007)

Other adaptations

Call of Cthulhu RPG (1981) · Shadow of the Comet (1993) · Prisoner of Ice (1995) · Anchorhead (1998) · Unspeakable Vault (of Doom) (2003–present) · Call of Cthulhu Living Card Game (2004) · Arkham Horror (2005) · Call of Cthulhu: Dark Corners of the Earth (2005) · Trail of Cthulhu (2008)

Associated people

Ambrose Bierce · Algernon Blackwood · Clive Barker · Robert Bloch · Ramsey Campbell · Lin Carter · Robert W. Chambers · August Derleth · Lord Dunsany · Robert E. Howard · S. T. Joshi · Stephen King · Brian Lumley · Sandy Petersen · Edgar Allan Poe · Robert M. Price · Clark Ashton Smith

Related articles

Cthulhu Mythos celestial bodies · Cthulhu Mythos arcane literature · Cthulhu Mythos cults · Necronomicon · Simon Necronomicon · H. P. Lovecraft (band)

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_M._Price"

Categories: 1954 births | Living people | Cthulhu Mythos writers | American theologians | American atheists | Atheist theologians | Christ myth

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